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Early Signs of Oral Cancer Dental Health in Kuala Lumpur

Oral cancer is an increasingly prevalent disease in Kuala Lumpur, as well as around the world. Fortunately, there are many signs and symptoms associated with oral cancer that can be easily recognized by a trained dentist.

In this article, we will discuss the early signs of oral cancer, as well as preventive measures that can be taken to ensure dental health in Kuala Lumpur.

Definition of Oral Cancer

Oral cancer is a type of cancer that is found in the bodily tissues of the head and neck, including the mouth. It is also known as mouth cancer, oropharyngeal cancer or tongue cancer and can occur in any part of the oral cavity, including the lips, cheeks, tongue, hard and soft palate, salivary glands or throat.

Although men are four times more likely to develop oral cancer than women due to lifestyle choices (such as smoking), early detection can increase survivability significantly. Any changes or abnormalities in the lips, gums or inside the mouth should be monitored closely and checked by a dentist.

The signs of oral cancer are often subtle at first but may include:

  • Persistent painless mouth ulcers;
  • Swelling around certain areas of your mouth;
  • White/red patches in your mouth;
  • Lumpy/rough patches on your tongue or gums;
  • Difficulty swallowing;
  • A feeling that something is stuck in your throat;
  • Chronic sore throat/ear ache;
  • Numbness/tingling sensation in areas near your mouth.

If these symptoms persist for more than 14 days it’s important to seek professional attention from a dentist as soon as possible.

Prevalence of Oral Cancer in Kuala Lumpur

Oral cancer is a serious disease that can affect the lips, tongue, and various areas around the mouth. Cases of oral cancer in Kuala Lumpur have been rising in recent years; this is due to an increase in the number of risk factors that lead to the condition – such as exposure to sun, smoking, alcohol abuse and a bad diet. Studies have found that up to one in five adults living in Kuala Lumpur are at risk of developing oral cancer.

Early detection is key for successful treatment of oral cancer. It is therefore important for all adults living in Kuala Lumpur to be aware of early signs and symptoms that may indicate a need for further medical attention.

The usual early warning signs include but are not limited to:

  • Persistent lumps or sores inside or around the mouth,
  • Difficulty chewing and swallowing food,
  • Changes in the vocal cords or throat area and speech impediments,
  • Pain during speaking, eating or drinking,
  • Discolorations within the mouth lining including white and/or red patches, bulges or lesions on cheeks and gums,
  • Loose teeth,
  • Receding gums,
  • Numbness on certain areas of the face/mouth area as well as abnormal feeling inside mouth when eating cold foods,
  • Difficulty moving tongue/jaw while talking or chewing food,
  • Swelling within throat area or sudden loss of taste sensation.

It is always best practice to visit your dentist at least once every six months for your recommended dental check-up so that any early signs can be identified promptly before they worsen into more dangerous forms of oral cancer.

Causes of Oral Cancer

Oral cancer is a serious health condition that affects millions of people around the world. It is caused by a variety of factors, including exposure to risk factors such as tobacco use, excessive consumption of alcohol, poor nutrition, and prolonged exposure to the sun.

Understanding the causes of oral cancer can help us better recognize and deal with the symptoms of oral cancer at an early stage.

Tobacco Use

Research has established a strong link between tobacco use, especially cigarette smoking and oral cancer. This fact indicates strong need for individuals, specially those in high risk groups, to take an active preventive role against oral cancer by refraining from any and all forms of tobacco consumption. Tobacco consumption weakens the tissue of the mouth, increasing the risk of oral cancer as well as other oral disease.

Tobacco consumption is also thought to be a leading cause in the rapid onset of many health complications. As such it is essential that those at risk avoid any form of tobacco usage without exception, if they are seeking to control their health risks accordingly.

In addition to cigarette smoking, smokeless or chewing tobacco are also thought to be possible causes of oral cancer. Smokeless or chewing tobacco contains several chemicals that have been linked with increased rates of numerous cancers including oral cancers; this along with other methods pose an elevated risk for developing deadly diseases if not managed correctly at an early stage.

For this reason it can be suggested that individual participants seek medical help and advice on any concerns they may have surrounding their susceptibility towards contracting various types of Oral cancer due to it’s rising incidence among both Malaysians and global populations alike.

Alcohol Use

Alcohol use is a major risk factor for oral cancers, particularly cancers of the tongue, mouth, and throat. Alcohol consumption can both increase the risk of these cancers as well as worsen their prognosis.

People who drink large amounts of alcohol for long periods of time have an increased risk for developing cancer in the oral cavity. Drinking any type of alcohol increases this risk; it does not matter whether it is beer, wine, or other non-alcoholic beverages that include spirits such as whiskey or rum.

Heavy drinkers are at even higher risk than those who consume only moderate amounts of alcohol. Smokers who also drink heavily are at an even greater risk than either heavy drinkers or smokers alone due to the fact that alcohol and tobacco interact to increase their damaging effects on cells in the oropharynx and mouth.

Excessive drinking upsets natural balance in our bodies to where normal mechanisms can no longer protect us against cancer-causing agents. Studies have shown that by decreasing one’s daily intake of harmful substances such as:

  • smoking
  • drinking

greatly reduces a person’s chance of developing cancer in these areas.

Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

A common cause of oral cancer is Human Papillomavirus (HPV). This virus belongs to the family of viruses responsible for several types of cancers, including cervical cancer. Studies suggest that HPV infection increases the risk of oropharyngeal cancer. Dentists in Kuala Lumpur recommend regular screenings and check-ups so that HPV is detected early and treated quickly.

HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the world and it can be contracted through unprotected oral sex with an infected partner. There are two types of HPV associated with oral cancers – high-risk (HPV 16 & 18) and low-risk (HPV 6 & 11). The infection can weaken your immunity and heighten your risk for developing malignant tumors. If a person contracts HPV orally, it can cause cell changes resulting in some types of neck and throat cancers over time. Although it is not diagnosed commonly, it still could attract attention due to its life-threatening consequences if neglected or left undiagnosed.

Early signs linked to oral cancer associated with HPV include:

  • Painless white or red patches on your mouth, tongue or lips.
  • Persistent skin sores.
  • Difficulty speaking.
  • Swollen glands that do not respond to treatment.
  • Painless lumps or bumps in your mouth.
  • Irregular bleeding from any part of the mouth.
  • Hoarseness or difficulty swallowing.
  • Numbness of part or all of your tongue.
  • Frequent lip ulcers or other foul smells from inside your mouth.
  • Persistent coughing/hoarseness etc.

Symptoms vary depending on individuals’ age, lifestyle and health condition but regular screenings will help detect early signs faster as early detection increases chances for successful treatment greatly. If any abnormalities are noticed during routine dental checkups, dentists will refer patients to specialists immediately for further tests.

Poor Oral Hygiene

Good oral hygiene plays an important role in preventing oral cancer. Poor oral health practices can increase the risk of developing a variety of conditions, including cancer. Plaque, bacteria and remnants of food particles accumulate on teeth and around the gums to form an ideal environment for pathogens that can contribute to the development of tumors.

Some factors that can lead to poor oral hygiene include:

  • Inadequate brushing and flossing;
  • Tobacco or alcohol use;
  • Hormonal changes during pregnancy or puberty;
  • Poor diet or insufficient nutrition;
  • Diabetes;
  • Chronic illnesses such as HIV/AIDS and autoimmune diseases; and
  • Certain medications such as antidepressants and medications dropped with chemotherapy treatments.

As well, poor dental care at home, neglected preventive treatments, delayed dental visits due to financial constraints or lack of insurance coverage contribute to inadequate care. In some cases, people may not be aware that they are in need of urgent dental attention until it is too late. Dentists in Kuala Lumpur emphasize that regular checkups are essential for early detection and treatment of any problems before they lead to more serious issues such as advanced stages of cancer.

Symptoms of Oral Cancer

Oral cancer is a serious and potentially fatal condition that can develop in anyone, but is more common in people over 40. It is important to be aware of the signs and symptoms of oral cancer so that it can be detected and treated early.

Here, we will discuss some of the common signs and symptoms of oral cancer, as well as prevention and treatments:

Sore Throat

A persistent sore throat that does not go away with time or home remedies can be a sign of oral cancer. The sore throat is usually accompanied by other symptoms such as pain or difficulty in swallowing, pain when opening your mouth wide, swelling of the neck and jaw, hoarseness, enlarged lymph nodes in the neck, a white or red patch in the mouth, and/or earache. If any of these symptoms persist for an extended period of time it’s important to consult your doctor to determine if they are related to oral cancer.

Common causes of a persistent sore throat unrelated to oral cancer include:

  • Viral infections
  • Acid reflux
  • Allergies

Red or White Patches in the Mouth

Red or white patches can be an early indication of oral cancer. These patches are known as erythroplakia (red patches) or leukoplakia (white patches). These can also appear as a combination of red and white spots.

Other signs of oral cancer may include:

  • Persistent sores in the mouth
  • Losing feeling in the mouth
  • Pain when swallowing or chewing
  • Difficulty moving the tongue and jaw
  • Nail-like lesions on the gums and roof of the mouth
  • A lump on neck or throat area
  • Persistent hoarseness

Both erythroplakia and leukoplakia are generally harmless but should be examined by an expert if these differences in color appear for no identifiable reason and don’t disappear within two weeks. During such an examination your dentist will also look for any additional signs that might point to oral cancer. If early signs are identified, you may need to visit a clinic for further testing so that your doctor can create a detailed plan of action to address the issue before it worsens.

Unusual Lumps or Bumps

Unusual bumps or lumps—especially those that are hard and have uneven edges—can be an indication of oral cancer. Your dentist or primary care doctor can help diagnose if a lump is benign or cancerous by feeling its texture, size, whether it’s movable, and evaluating other physical characteristics. If an atypical lump or bump is found on your head, neck, cheek tissues, tongue, lips, floor of the mouth/underside of your tongue, palate/roof of the mouth/soft palate area—or anywhere else in the mouth—an urgent oral cancer examination should be conducted by a dentist.

In some cases there may be no visible signs on the outside when oral cancer develops internally. That’s why it is important to schedule regular dental examinations with your dentist in Kuala Lumpur to catch any warning signs early on. Visible signs may include lesions (growth), white patches (leukoplakia), red patches (erythroplakia), lumps as well as bleeding or numbness that last for more than two weeks.

Follow-up consultations at least once per year are also recommended after possible abnormal findings.

Difficulty Swallowing

Difficulty swallowing (dysphagia) can be an indication of many things, such as dry mouth, infection of the throat or esophagus, GERD, or side effects from certain medications. However, in some cases it may also be one of the earliest signs of oral cancer.

Dysphagia can make it difficult for a person to eat and drink properly which will eventually cause a lack of essential nutrients and lead to weight loss. Other warning signs associated with difficulty swallowing include:

  • Pain when chewing
  • Food sticking at the site of the tumor
  • The sensation that something is stuck in your throat
  • Pain when swallowing liquids or solids

If you experience any symptoms that suggest you are having difficulty with swallowing for more than two weeks you should seek help from your dentist as soon as possible who will be able to recommend further testing.


Prevention is always better than cure, and this is equally true when it comes to oral health. There are a number of steps that you can take to reduce your risk of developing oral cancer and other serious dental issues. Being aware of the early signs and symptoms of oral cancer and seeking regular dental checkups are the first steps to making sure your mouth is healthy.

Let’s take a closer look at the prevention measures that can help you maintain good oral health:

Quit Smoking and Drinking

Quitting smoking and drinking alcohol are important steps in preventing Oral Cancer. Smoking increases the risk of developing oral cancer more than any other lifestyle decision. Alcohol also has a direct effect on the development of oral cancer. Research shows that as little as two alcoholic drinks per day can significantly increase the risk of developing oral cancer.

In addition to cessation of smoking or alcohol use, it is important to practice good dental hygiene and regular dental visits for early signs of Oral Cancer. Visiting your dentist regularly for check-ups will help identify any early signs or symptoms, such as:

  • Persistent sores in the mouth that won’t heal
  • White or red patches on your gums or tongue
  • Chronic bad breath
  • Lumps or swelling in mouth, throat or neck area

It is also recommended to practice healthy dietary habits to reduce the risk of Oral Cancer. Eating a balanced diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables is strongly advised as they contain vitamins and minerals that are beneficial for reducing risks of Oral Cancer in Kuala Lumpur.

Practice Good Oral Hygiene

Good oral hygiene is one of the most important preventive measures when it comes to oral health in general, and maybe even more so when it comes to early signs of oral cancer. Practicing good oral hygiene means brushing your teeth twice a day and flossing between your teeth at least once a day. It is also important to use an antibacterial mouthwash, especially after meals. This helps remove the plaque from around hard-to-reach surfaces in the mouth, as well as reduce any bad breath or odor caused by bacteria that can easily build up in this area.

You should also visit your dentist for regular check-ups which should usually occur twice a year for healthy individuals, but more often for those who are at higher risk due to their lifestyle or background, such as smokers and elderly adults over 60 years of age. Your dentist can look out for early warning signs of potential issues and can provide advice on how to maintain good oral hygiene habits through ongoing maintenance.

Get Regular Dental Checkups

Getting regular dental checkups can help detect early signs and symptoms of oral cancer. The dentist can detect any physical manifestations such as sores, lesions and lumps in the mouth as well as conduct a thorough examination of the teeth, gums and tongue.

During a professional dental checkup, dentists are uniquely positioned to perform an examination of the entire oral cavity including hard tissues such as the bone and soft tissues such as the lips, cheeks and palate in order to identify any possible malignancy on or around these structures. X-rays may be taken upon suspicion to further diagnose and evaluate for any invisible problems.

If malignant or pre-malignant changes are detected during an exam, it is important to follow with appropriate treatment from a qualified health care provider. Early detection is key in obtaining successful treatment outcomes for oral cancer. It is recommended for high risk individuals to receive regular screenings every six months or at least once a year in order to diagnose possible malignancy prior to any visible manifestation of symptoms.


In conclusion, it is important for individuals in Kuala Lumpur to be aware of the early signs of oral cancer and to practice good oral health habits. There are many different factors that can put an individual at risk of developing oral cancer, such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption and exposure to HPV.

It is recommended that individuals attend regular dental check-ups so their dentist can detect any abnormalities in the mouth. Additionally, they should:

  • Brush and floss twice daily
  • Eat a balanced diet
  • Avoid smoking or excessive alcohol consumption as much as possible

When detected early, survival rate for oral cancer is higher than for other types of cancer, so being aware of the signs and symptoms and following good oral health practices is key to preventing this disease.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What are the early signs of oral cancer?

A: Early signs of oral cancer can include a sore or irritation in the mouth that does not go away, a lump or thickening in the cheek, a white or red patch on the gums, tongue, or lining of the mouth, difficulty chewing or swallowing, and a change in the way your teeth fit together when you close your mouth.

Q: What is the best way to maintain dental health in Kuala Lumpur?

A: The best way to maintain dental health in Kuala Lumpur is to brush your teeth twice a day, floss once a day, and visit your dentist on a regular basis for checkups and cleanings. Additionally, you should avoid smoking, limit your intake of sugary foods and drinks, and eat a balanced diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables.

Q: What should I do if I notice any of the early signs of oral cancer?

A: If you notice any of the early signs of oral cancer, you should see a dentist or doctor right away. Early diagnosis and treatment can help improve your chances of a successful outcome.


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